Prostate cancer symptoms are difficult to spot in the early stages and can go undetected for many years.
Symptoms only begin to show when the cancer growth increases in size and puts pressure on the urethra, the tube that carries the urine from the bladder out of the penis.
When this happens, symptoms such as needing to pee more frequently, difficult in peeing and blood in the urine may begin to show.
If you experience any of the signs of prostate cancer you should visit your doctor, who can then recommend you take a test to confirm if you have the disease.
The PSA test is the recommended method for checking if you have the disease.
Men over the age of 50 who have talked through the advantages and disadvantages of having a PSA test with their GP or practice nurse are eligible for a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test.
The first stage of the process is a simple blood test.
A rectal exam can then help identify obvious abnormalities on the surface of the prostate even if the PSA is normal.
If you have a raised PSA, or the rectal exam shows a lump, your doctor may refer you for a MRI scan in a specialised unit, which is an effective way of detecting prostate cancer.
PSA can be high if you have prostate cancer but it can also be higher than normal if there is an infection, inflammation or you have a large prostate.
Recent sexual activity before the test or cycling due to the pressure from a saddle can also raise your PSA levels, so you should make sure your GP is aware of anything that could affect the test.
But routinely screening all en to check their PSA levels is a controversial subject, according to the NHS.
It states PS tests are unreliable and can suggest prostate cancer when no cancer exists.
“Most men are now offered an MRI scan before a biopsy to help avoid unnecessary tests, but some men may have invasive, and sometimes painful, biopsies for no reason,” it adds.
“Furthermore, up to 15 per cent of men with prostate cancer have normal PSA levels, so many cases may be missed.”
The PSA test can find aggressive prostate cancer that needs treatment, but it can also find slow-growing cancer that may never cause symptoms or shorter life.
The health body says: “Some men may face difficult decisions about treatment, although this is less likely now that most men are offered an MRI scan before further tests and treatment.”
The full list of prostate cancer symptoms to watch out for are as follow:
- Unable to urinate
- Needing to urinate urgency
- Needing to urinate more often than usual
- Getting up to urinate during the night
- Blood in your urine
- Pain when you urinate
- A weak flow of urine when you go to the toilet
- Trouble starting or stopping when you urinate
Published at Fri, 19 Oct 2018 09:00:00 +0000