Heat stroke is where a person becomes so hot their body cannot cool down and their temperature gets dangerously high.
While it normally affects people during a heatwave it can also happen if you don’t drink enough non-alcoholic liquid and do very strenuous physical exercise.
In severe cases, it can be life threatening, but there are a number of natural ways to prevent the condition from happening in the first place.
One of these, according to nutritionist Dr Josh Axe, is to eat hydrating foods.
A food known for its hydration qualities is watermelon.
Other preventative methods, according to the site, include drinking plenty of water, avoiding sugary drinks, alcohol and caffeine, staying in an air-conditioned building and avoiding direct sunlight.
The hallmark symptom of heat stroke, according to Boots MD, is a core body temperature above 40C. But fainting may be the first sign.
Others include a throbbing headache, feeling and being sick, dizziness, muscle cramps, intense thirst, darker wee than normal, and rapid heartbeat.
Confusion, seizures and unconsciousness can also occur.
What is the best treatment for heat stroke?
The Boots WebMD website advises that if you think someone is having seizures, is confused, or is unconscious because of heat stroke then this is a medical emergency and you need to call 999.
It adds: “While waiting for help try to lower their temperature by getting the to a cool, shady or air-conditioned area and removing any unnecessary clothes.”
You can also wet their skin and fan air over them and apply ice packs to their neck, back, armpits and groin. These are areas rich with blood vessels close to the skin and cooling them may reduce body temperature.
Getting the person to also drink water, fruit juice or a sports rehydration drink providing they are conscious and able to swallow, can also help.
Other health problems people may experience during hot weather include heat rash.
Heat rash happens when the skin’s sweat glands are blocked and the sweat produced cannot get to the surface of the skin to evaporate. This can then cause inflammation that results in a rash.
Symptoms of heat rash include small red spots, an itchy, prickly feeling, and redness and mild swelling. This can appear anywhere on the body and spread, but it’s not infectious to other people.
While it should clear up on its own after a few days, the symptoms can be irritable.
Published at Thu, 10 May 2018 16:28:00 +0000