Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes in the UK, and symptoms may include feeling very tired, urinating more frequently than usual and losing weight without trying to.
It’s important to recognise the signs of diabetes type 2 and it can lead to heart disease and stroke, loss of feeling and pain (nerve damage), foot problems like sores and infections, and problems with your kidneys.
One of the best ways to prevent the condition developing is making simple lifestyle changes to your diet. For those who are diagnosed with diabetes type 2 this can also help control your blood sugar levels.
Alcohol isn’t a risk factor for this type of diabetes, but it can contain a lot of calories which can lead to putting on weight – this can increase the risk of the condition developing.
But certain types of alcoholic drink can cause blood sugar to spike more than others, according to Diabetes UK.
Firstly, the research charity notes low-sugar beers and cider should be avoided. It says: “They might have less sugar, but there’s more alcohol in them. Just one pint of a low-sugar beer can bring you above the legal limit.”
Low-alcohol wines should also be avoided. It explains: “These often have more sugar than normal ones. If you do choose these, just stick to a glass or two.
“Try to limit drinks with a lot of sugar, such as sweet sherries, sweet wines and liqueurs.”
Some drinks like beers, ales and ciders contain carbs and can also increase your blood sugar levels.
So what alcoholic drinks should you opt for?
Spirits, dry wines and Prosecco may be the best choice.
You should also opt for diet or sugar-free mixers with any spirits.
The research charity adds: “If a friend gets one for you, make it clear what you need.”
Your body is made up of nearly two-thirds water, so it’s important to drink enough fluid every day to stay hydrated and healthy.
Diabetes: Four common symptoms
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high.
There are two main types – type 1, when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin producing cells, and type 2, when the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells don’t react to insulin.
Type 2 is more common that type 1, with 90 per cent of all diabetics in the UK having type 2.
Going to the toilet a lot more than usual, especially at night, is a common sign of diabetes.
Urinating frequently is also a sign of other medical issues, such as prostate problems, so be sure to visit your GP to have diabetes confirmed.
Excessive thirst, otherwise known as polydipsia, is a classic sign of diabetes.
It is linked to frequent urination. As excess glucose builds up in the blood, the kidneys are forced to work extra hard to filter and absorb the excess sugar, and if they can’t keep up, the excess sugar is excreted in to urine, taking along fluids from body tissue.
This triggers more urination, which may leave diabetics dehydrated.
High levels of blood sugar can cause the lens inside the eye to swell, which can result in blurred eyesight.
Very low blood sugar levels can also cause blurred vision.
If you aren’t trying to lose weight, and you notice a loss of muscle bulk or the numbers on the scales drop, this could be a sign of diabetes.
This happens because insufficient insulin prevents the body from getting glucose from the blood to the cells to use as energy.
The body will then start burning fat and muscle for energy, causing weight loss.
Published at Tue, 21 Aug 2018 06:04:00 +0000