Blood cancers include leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma. Leukaemia is a cancer of the white blood cells, lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system – the network of tissues and organs that help rid the body of toxins, waste and other unwanted materials – and myeloma, a cancer of plasma cells in the bone marrow.
While each type of blood cancer has specific symptoms, they also all share a number of signs.
Alongside extreme tiredness and unexplained weight loss, is excessive night sweats, according to Bloodwise.
It’s normal to sweat during the night if the room or your bedding is making you too hot, particularly in the summer months.
But the NHS advises that if you have night sweats regularly that wake you up, have a very high temperature, a cough or diarrhoea, or have night sweats and you’re losing weight for no reason, you should see your GP.
Other symptoms associated with blood cancer include repeated infections, easy bruising and/or bleeding, itchy skin, lumps or swelling in your neck, head, groin or stomach, and bone and/or joint pain.
Someone is diagnosed with blood cancer in the UK every 14 minutes.
Here are leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma explained.
This is a cancer of the white blood cells, according to the NHS.
It is sometimes called acute leukaemia, which means it progresses rapidly and aggressively, and usually requires immediate treatment.
Symptoms can develop across a few weeks and become increasingly more severe.
This occurs when lymphocytes – white blood cells that help to fight infection – become out of control.
According to the Lymphoma Association, they divide in an abnormal way or do not die when they should.
This is a type of bone marrow cancer which affects the production of healthy blood cells.
It can affect several areas in the body, but often the spine, skull, pelvis and ribs, according to the NHS.
In the early stage it may not cause any symptoms.
However, later on signs include a dull ache in your bones, weak bones, tiredness, repeated infections and brushing and unusual bleeding, including heavy periods.
Skin cancer is another cancer to be cautious of during the summer months.
Its symptoms – a new mole or a change in an existing mole – can occur anywhere on the body.
Known as melanomas, they usually have an irregular shape and are more than one colour.
In some cases the mole may be larger than normal and can sometimes be itchy or bleed.
UV exposure is the main preventable cause of skin cancer, and wearing sunscreen is one of the best ways of staying safe in the sun.
Published at Thu, 10 May 2018 15:31:00 +0000